Peace requires responsibility. And so I come here with an acute sense of the costs of armed conflict -- filled with difficult questions about the relationship between war and peace, and our effort to replace one with the other. | JIN-仁- DVD-BOX 3月発売 », War and Peace in Oslo | The White House I know that engagement with repressive regimes lacks the satisfying purity of indignation. It is a centerpiece of my foreign policy. Negotiations cannot convince al Qaeda's leaders to lay down their arms. In the wake of devastation, they recognized that if human rights are not protected, peace is a hollow promise. But war itself is never glorious, and we must never trumpet it as such. But in many countries, there is a disconnect between the efforts of those who serve and the ambivalence of the broader public. The other is a conflict that America did not seek; one in which we are joined by 42 other countries -- including Norway -- in an effort to defend ourselves and all nations from further attacks. At times, it must be coupled with painstaking diplomacy. Adhering to this law of love has always been the core struggle of human nature. Tweet, Posted by: BlogPetのsleepy | December 24, 2009 02:21 PM, Email Address: When there is genocide in Darfur, systematic rape in Congo, repression in Burma -- there must be consequences. Remarks by the President at the Acceptance of the Nobel Peace Prize | The White House It was this insight that drove drafters of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights after the Second World War. It's also why the world must come together to confront climate change. First, in dealing with those nations that break rules and laws, I believe that we must develop alternatives to violence that are tough enough to actually change behavior -- for if we want a lasting peace, then the words of the international community must mean something. To begin with, I believe that all nations -- strong and weak alike -- must adhere to standards that govern the use of force. Somewhere today, a mother facing punishing poverty still takes the time to teach her child, scrapes together what few coins she has to send that child to school -- because she believes that a cruel world still has a place for that child's dreams. That's why NATO continues to be indispensable. And yet too often, these words are ignored. 2017年1月10日、第44代アメリカ大統領、バラク・オバマ大統領が退任スピーチを行ないました。ノーベル平和賞を受賞し、数々の功績を残してきたオバマ氏が、最後に語った言葉が非常に素晴らし … We make mistakes, and fall victim to the temptations of pride, and power, and sometimes evil. And yet, I do not believe that we will have the will, the determination, the staying power, to complete this work without something more -- and that's the continued expansion of our moral imagination; an insistence that there's something irreducible that we all share. In part, this is because I am at the beginning, and not the end, of my labors on the world stage. More and more, we all confront difficult questions about how to prevent the slaughter of civilians by their own government, or to stop a civil war whose violence and suffering can engulf an entire region. Those who seek peace cannot stand idly by as nations arm themselves for nuclear war. But it is also incumbent upon all of us to insist that nations like Iran and North Korea do not game the system. The resurgence of ethnic or sectarian conflicts; the growth of secessionist movements, insurgencies, and failed states -- all these things have increasingly trapped civilians in unending chaos. Listed below are links to weblogs that reference オバマのノーベル平和賞スピーチ: イアン・アレクサンダーほか: いつかは行きたい 一生に一度だけの旅 BEST500 [コンパクト版], 大人の科学マガジン Vol.30 (テオ・ヤンセンのミニビースト) (Gakken Mook),,, I understand why war is not popular, but I also know this: The belief that peace is desirable is rarely enough to achieve it. 「バラク・オバマを見てください。彼は実際には何もせず、ノーベル平和賞を受賞した。 当時彼は大統領に就任してまだ1年で、いくつかの素晴らしいスピーチをし、見た目も悪くない。しかし、実際には彼は平和のために何もしていなかった」 Such a warped view of religion is not just incompatible with the concept of peace, but I believe it's incompatible with the very purpose of faith -- for the one rule that lies at the heart of every major religion is that we do unto others as we would have them do unto us. Commerce has stitched much of the world together. Let me also say this: The promotion of human rights cannot be about exhortation alone. No matter how callously defined, neither America's interests -- nor the world's -- are served by the denial of human aspirations. These extremists are not the first to kill in the name of God; the cruelties of the Crusades are amply recorded. We lose our moral compass. But we do not have to think that human nature is perfect for us to still believe that the human condition can be perfected. America has never fought a war against a democracy, and our closest friends are governments that protect the rights of their citizens. That is why I ordered the prison at Guantanamo Bay closed. Agreements among nations. (Not displayed with comment.). The Nobel Committee recognized this truth in awarding its first prize for peace to Henry Dunant -- the founder of the Red Cross, and a driving force behind the Geneva Conventions. Billions have been lifted from poverty. And while it's hard to conceive of a cause more just than the defeat of the Third Reich and the Axis powers, World War II was a conflict in which the total number of civilians who died exceeded the number of soldiers who perished. We see it in nations that are torn asunder by tribal lines. Moreover, wars between nations have increasingly given way to wars within nations. Third, a just peace includes not only civil and political rights -- it must encompass economic security and opportunity. For if you truly believe that you are carrying out divine will, then there is no need for restraint -- no need to spare the pregnant mother, or the medic, or the Red Cross worker, or even a person of one's own faith. We will bear witness to the quiet dignity of reformers like Aung Sang Suu Kyi; to the bravery of Zimbabweans who cast their ballots in the face of beatings; to the hundreds of thousands who have marched silently through the streets of Iran. Our actions matter, and can bend history in the direction of justice. Those regimes that break the rules must be held accountable. Only a just peace based on the inherent rights and dignity of every individual can truly be lasting. Even those of us with the best of intentions will at times fail to right the wrongs before us. We see it in the Middle East, as the conflict between Arabs and Jews seems to harden. The world may no longer shudder at the prospect of war between two nuclear superpowers, but proliferation may increase the risk of catastrophe. And yet, a decade into a new century, this old architecture is buckling under the weight of new threats. And yet somehow, given the dizzying pace of globalization, the cultural leveling of modernity, it perhaps comes as no surprise that people fear the loss of what they cherish in their particular identities -- their race, their tribe, and perhaps most powerfully their religion. Some will kill, and some will be killed. ■キーワード「決意・決断・決心・覚悟」の例文テンプレート. Even as we make difficult decisions about going to war, we must also think clearly about how we fight it. 共同:オバマ米大統領ノーベル平和賞受賞演説の全文(日本語訳)  But perhaps the most profound issue surrounding my receipt of this prize is the fact that I am the Commander-in-Chief of the military of a nation in the midst of two wars. What might these practical steps be? I raise this point, I begin with this point because in many countries there is a deep ambivalence about military action today, no matter what the cause. And even as we confront a vicious adversary that abides by no rules, I believe the United States of America must remain a standard bearer in the conduct of war. And that is why I have reaffirmed America's commitment to abide by the Geneva Conventions. As the world grows smaller, you might think it would be easier for human beings to recognize how similar we are; to understand that we're all basically seeking the same things; that we all hope for the chance to live out our lives with some measure of happiness and fulfillment for ourselves and our families. Pent-up grievances fester, and the suppression of tribal and religious identity can lead to violence. So part of our challenge is reconciling these two seemingly inreconcilable truths -- that war is sometimes necessary, and war at some level is an expression of human folly. This brings me to a second point -- the nature of the peace that we seek. In today's wars, many more civilians are killed than soldiers; the seeds of future conflict are sown, economies are wrecked, civil societies torn asunder, refugees amassed, children scarred. Only when Europe became free did it finally find peace. We have done so out of enlightened self-interest -- because we seek a better future for our children and grandchildren, and we believe that their lives will be better if others' children and grandchildren can live in freedom and prosperity. For when we don't, our actions appear arbitrary and undercut the legitimacy of future interventions, no matter how justified. Compared to some of the giants of history who've received this prize -- Schweitzer and King; Marshall and Mandela -- my accomplishments are slight. There's no simple formula here. I believe that force can be justified on humanitarian grounds, as it was in the Balkans, or in other places that have been scarred by war. THE PRESIDENT: Your Majesties, Your Royal Highnesses, distinguished members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, citizens of America, and citizens of the world: And yet this truth must coexist with another -- that no matter how justified, war promises human tragedy. And at times, this is joined by a reflexive suspicion of America, the world's sole military superpower. Yes, there will be engagement; yes, there will be diplomacy -- but there must be consequences when those things fail. 本日の言葉「just war」 (正しい戦争、正当な戦争) . The capacity of human beings to think up new ways to kill one another proved inexhaustible, as did our capacity to exempt from mercy those who look different or pray to a different God. One of these wars is winding down. And it will require us to think in new ways about the notions of just war and the imperatives of a just peace. The ideals of liberty and self-determination, equality and the rule of law have haltingly advanced. Intransigence must be met with increased pressure -- and such pressure exists only when the world stands together as one. I know there's nothing weak -- nothing passive -- nothing naïve -- in the creed and lives of Gandhi and King. There will be times when nations -- acting individually or in concert -- will find the use of force not only necessary but morally justified. We do not have to live in an idealized world to still reach for those ideals that will make it a better place. For if we lose that faith -- if we dismiss it as silly or naïve; if we divorce it from the decisions that we make on issues of war and peace -- then we lose what's best about humanity. All these are vital ingredients in bringing about the evolution that President Kennedy spoke about. What might this evolution look like? (Applause.) Investments in development. I have spoken at some length to the question that must weigh on our minds and our hearts as we choose to wage war. But there has been no Third World War. What I do know is that meeting these challenges will require the same vision, hard work, and persistence of those men and women who acted so boldly decades ago. In the span of 30 years, such carnage would twice engulf this continent. But let me now turn to our effort to avoid such tragic choices, and speak of three ways that we can build a just and lasting peace. In light of the Cultural Revolution's horrors, Nixon's meeting with Mao appeared inexcusable -- and yet it surely helped set China on a path where millions of its citizens have been lifted from poverty and connected to open societies. But the world must remember that it was not simply international institutions -- not just treaties and declarations -- that brought stability to a post-World War II world. In the wake of such destruction, and with the advent of the nuclear age, it became clear to victor and vanquished alike that the world needed institutions to prevent another world war. Likewise, the world recognized the need to confront Saddam Hussein when he invaded Kuwait -- a consensus that sent a clear message to all about the cost of aggression. (自らの足で進み、打ち込んでみよう。そして目的を貫くんだ), 人は何かを成し遂げようとするとき、必ず言葉にする必要があります。あるいは言葉にせずとも、心の中でつぶやき続けていかねばなりません。そうしなければ自分に負けてしまうからです。, 大切なのは「自分を信じ、人に言われずとも自ら目的のために貫き続けていく」ということです。このオバマ元大統領のように。, ■キーワード「継続・計画」の例文テンプレート Persevere.」 Peace entails sacrifice. America alone cannot secure the peace. いつもはゆるい「暇ダネ」の英語をご紹介する金曜コラムですが、日本時間の木曜夜(10日夜)にオバマ米大統領のノーベル平和賞演説を観ていて、感動…というか、色々な意味で心揺さぶられたので、今週はちょっと真面目な話をします。 For true peace is not just freedom from fear, but freedom from want. For make no mistake: Evil does exist in the world. We can acknowledge that oppression will always be with us, and still strive for justice. The Cold War ended with jubilant crowds dismantling a wall. Main I make this statement mindful of what Martin Luther King Jr. said in this same ceremony years ago: "Violence never brings permanent peace.

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